In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
In- vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART). During IVF treatment, a woman’s eggs are combined with a man’s sperm outside the body, then transferred in the uterus after an embryo forms. IVF/ICSI treatment refers to laboratory procedures of egg collection from the female patient and manual fertilization of the best quality eggs with the best quality sperm in the laboratory environment. This method is used when women and their partners are having difficulty conceiving by natural means, and usually only after other methods have been tried. For in-vitro fertilization (IVF), there is the standard method called conventional IVF where it is allowed to fertilize by sprinkling the egg with a moderately adjusted concentration of sperm, and there is micro-insemination (ICSI), in which a very slim needle is used and one sperm is placed directly within the egg cell underneath a microscope.
Who should be treated with IVF?
When it comes to infertility, IVF may be an option if you or your partner has been diagnosed with:
- An unexplained fertility problem which means your doctor can’t pinpoint the reasons for your infertility
- Problems with the uterus or fallopian tubes
- Problems with ovulation
- Problems with sperm counts or motility
- Ovarian endometrioma
- Immunology factors (antibody problems that harm sperm or eggs)
- Advanced female age or
- If other treatments have been unsuccessful