A man that produces no sperm in his semen is said to have Azoospermia. This may be because of a blockage in one of the tubes that carry sperm from the areas of the testes where they are produced, out to the penis during ejaculation. Azoospermia commonly referred to as “no sperm count” is a male fertility issue.
Azoospermia is defined as the complete lack of sperm in the ejaculate. It occurs in 5% of infertile men. If this is the case, then one or both of two conditions may be present
- There is a problem with sperm production.
- There is a blockage such that sperm production, although normal, cannot reach the ejaculate
Azoospermia Diagnosis and Treatment
Azoospermia is defined as the absence of sperm in at least two different ejaculate samples including the centrifuged sediment. One important point concerning this diagnosis is that although no sperm are found in the ejaculate, there are often usable sperm found in the testis, as not all sperm that are made in the testis actually make it into the ejaculate.
Azoospermia may also be clinically classified as obstructive (post-testicular) and nonobstructive (pretesticular or testicular). Obstructive azoospermia (OA) is less common than nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA).
Surgical sperm retrieval methods are available at our centre for Azoopermic patients, which are well accepted techniques we use in the treatment of men diagnosed with OA or NOA and once sperms are retrieved we use ICSI method to fertilize the oocyte.